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Journal Articles Langmuir Year : 2020

Nanonewton Magnetophoretic Microtrap Array for Microsystems

Abstract

Here we report on the development of a lab-on-chip that integrates a dense array of micrometer-sized magnetic traps, with each individual trap generating a magnetic force as high as a few nN on standard superparamagnetic beads. The composite materials embedding traps are prepared from the microstructural engineering of a mixture between iron microparticles and polydimethylsiloxane. This approach breaks with standard microfabrication technologies: it is inexpensive, relatively easy to implement, and offers the ability to modulate the magnetic properties of the composites on a customized basis. The magnetic forces acting on the superparamagnetic beads have been measured following two approaches: first, on-chip through the hydrodynamic determination of the holding magnetic force, simultaneously on a large population of traps; and second, ex situ, by atomic force microscopy equipped with a colloidal probe, on individual traps. The experimental results have been compared with calculations from finite element modeling. Despite the geometrical simplification of the modeled system, both experiments and calculations give consistent values of force, ranging from 0.5 to 5 nN. These findings show that in operando determination of forces is a robust method that gives a high throughput overview of the forces acting in the device. It further demonstrates that the use of such functional composite materials can be a relevant alternative to standard microfabrication technologies, as it leads to competitive magnetophoretic performances.
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Dates and versions

hal-03113051 , version 1 (18-01-2021)

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Samir Mekkaoui, Lucie Descamps, Marie-Charlotte Audry, Anne-Laure Deman, Damien Le Roy. Nanonewton Magnetophoretic Microtrap Array for Microsystems. Langmuir, 2020, 36 (48), pp.14546-14553. ⟨10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c02254⟩. ⟨hal-03113051⟩
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