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Osteoclasts contribute to early development of chronic inflammation by promoting dysregulated hematopoiesis and myeloid skewing

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Abstract

Increased myelopoiesis is a hallmark of many chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the mechanisms involved in the myeloid skewing of hematopoiesis upon inflammation are still incompletely understood. Here, we identify an unexpected role of bone-resorbing osteoclasts in promoting hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) proliferation and differentiation towards myeloipoiesis in the early phases of chronic colitis. RNAseq analysis revealed that osteoclasts in colitis differ from control ones and overexpress genes involved in the remodeling of HSC niches. We showed that colitic osteoclasts modulate the interaction of HSCs with their niche and promote myeloid differentiation. Increased osteoclast activity was correlated with an augmentation of myelopoiesis in patients with chronic colitis. Therapeutic blockade of osteoclasts reduced HSC proliferation and myeloid skewing and resulted in a decreased inflammation and severity of colitis. Together, these data identify osteoclasts as potent regulators of HSCs and promising target in chronic colitis.
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hal-03064977 , version 1 (04-01-2021)

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Maria-Bernadette Madel, Lidia Ibanez, Thomas Ciucci, Julia Halper, Majlinda Topi, et al.. Osteoclasts contribute to early development of chronic inflammation by promoting dysregulated hematopoiesis and myeloid skewing. 2021. ⟨hal-03064977⟩
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