The Respective Roles of Wind Speed and Green Vegetation in Controlling Sahelian Dust Emission during the Wet Season - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Geophysical Research Letters Year : 2020

The Respective Roles of Wind Speed and Green Vegetation in Controlling Sahelian Dust Emission during the Wet Season

Abstract

Based on 10 years of continuous measurements of wind speed, rainfall, and PM10 concentrations (i.e., concentrations of the particulate matter having a diameter lower than 10 μm) performed in two Sahelian stations, we examine how wind speed and vegetation interact during the wet season to control the dust concentration when it is due to local dust emissions. The results clearly show that the frequency of the high wind speeds is higher at the beginning of the wet season and is the main driver of the seasonal dust emission. During the second part of the wet season, the frequency of high wind speeds is much lower and, in addition, their efficiency for wind erosion and dust emission is strongly affected by the vegetation whose growth reduces progressively PM10 concentrations up to 80%.
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Dates and versions

hal-02989085 , version 1 (09-11-2020)

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G. Bergametti, B. Marticorena, J. Rajot, G. Siour, A. Féron, et al.. The Respective Roles of Wind Speed and Green Vegetation in Controlling Sahelian Dust Emission during the Wet Season. Geophysical Research Letters, 2020, 47 (22), pp.e2020GL089761. ⟨10.1029/2020GL089761⟩. ⟨hal-02989085⟩
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