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Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2020

Elastic Properties of Polychloroprene Rubbers in Tension and Compression during Ageing

Abstract

Being able to predict the lifetime of elastomers is fundamental for many industrial applications. The evolution of both tensile and compression behavior of unfilled and filled neoprene rubbers was studied over time for different ageing conditions (70 °C, 80 °C and 90 °C). While Young’s modulus increased with ageing, the bulk modulus remained almost constant, leading to a slight decrease in the Poisson’s ratio with ageing, especially for the filled rubbers. This evolution of Poisson’s ratio with ageing is often neglected in the literature where a constant value of 0.5 is almost always assumed. Moreover, the elongation at break decreased, all these phenomena having a similar activation energy (~80 kJ/mol) assuming an Arrhenius or pseudo-Arrhenius behavior. Using simple scaling arguments from rubber elasticity theory, it is possible to relate quantitatively Young’s modulus and elongation at break for all ageing conditions, while an empirical relation can correlate Young’s modulus and hardness shore A. This suggests the crosslink density evolution during ageing is the main factor that drives the mechanical properties. It is then possible to predict the lifetime of elastomers usually based on an elongation at break criterion with a simple hardness shore measurement.
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Dates and versions

hal-02980985 , version 1 (27-10-2020)

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Rami Bouaziz, Laurianne Truffault, Rouslan Borisov, Cristian Ovalle, Lucien Laiarinandrasana, et al.. Elastic Properties of Polychloroprene Rubbers in Tension and Compression during Ageing. Polymers, 2020, 12 (10), pp.2354. ⟨10.3390/polym12102354⟩. ⟨hal-02980985⟩
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