Pentacyanoferrate(II) complex of pyridine-4- and pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid as source of HNO: investigation of anti-tubercular and vasodilation activities - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry Year : 2020

Pentacyanoferrate(II) complex of pyridine-4- and pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid as source of HNO: investigation of anti-tubercular and vasodilation activities

Alix Sournia-Saquet
Rémi Chauvin

Abstract

A pharmacophore design approach, based on the coordination chemistry of an intimate molecular hybrid of active metabolites of pro-drugs, known to release active species upon enzymatic oxidative activation, is devised. This is exemplified by combining two anti-mycobacterial drugs: pyrazinamide (first line) and delamanid (third line) whose active metabolites are pyrazinoic acid (PyzCOOH) and likely nitroxyl (HNO (or NO.)), respectively. Aiming to generate those active species, a hybrid compound was envisaged by coordination of pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid (PyzCONHOH) with a Na3[FeII(CN)5] moiety. The corresponding pentacyanoferrate(II) complex Na4[FeII(CN)5(PyzCONHO−)] was synthesized and characterized by several spectroscopic techniques, cyclic voltammetry, and DFT calculations. Chemical oxidation of this complex with H2O2 was shown to induce the release of the metabolite PyzCOOH, without the need of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) pyrazinamidase enzyme (PncA). Control experiments show that both H2O2- and N-coordinated pyrazine FeII species are required, ruling out a direct hydrolysis of the hydroxamic acid or an alternative oxidative route through chelation of a metal center by a hydroxamic group. The release of HNO was observed using EPR spectroscopy in the presence of a spin trapping agent. The devised iron metal complex of pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid was found inactive against an actively growing/non-resistant Mtb strain; however, it showed a strong dose-dependent and reversible vasodilatory activity with mostly lesser toxic effects than the reference drug sodium nitroprussiate, unveiling thus a potential indication for acute or chronic cardiovascular pathology. This is a priori a further indirect evidence of HNO release from this metal complex, standing as a possible pharmacophore model for an alternative vasodilator drug.

Dates and versions

hal-02948991 , version 1 (25-09-2020)

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Edinilton Muniz Carvalho, Tercio de Freitas Paulo, Alix Sournia-Saquet, Bruno Lopes Abbadi, Fernanda Souza Macchi, et al.. Pentacyanoferrate(II) complex of pyridine-4- and pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid as source of HNO: investigation of anti-tubercular and vasodilation activities. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2020, 25 (6), pp.887-901. ⟨10.1007/s00775-020-01805-z⟩. ⟨hal-02948991⟩
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