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Journal Articles Physical Review A Year : 2020

Glory oscillations in photoionization microscopy: Connection with electron dynamics and Stark spectral structures in the continuum

Abstract

In classical scattering theory, the term “glory scattering” implies the divergence of the classical differential cross section that occurs as soon as the deflection function goes through zero for a nonzero value of the impact parameter. This critical effect also occurs in slow photoelectron imaging where near-threshold atomic photoionization is performed in the presence of an external static electric field. In this case, glory scattering manifests itself by the appearance of an intense peak at the center of the photoelectron momentum distribution. In the present work we examine the magnitude variation of this central peak as a function of electron energy. We experimentally study near-threshold two-photon ionization of ground state magnesium atoms, below as well as above the field-free ionization limit. It is found that, apart from its behavior of classical origin, the glory signal additionally exhibits strong oscillations and beating effects over the full spectral range of the recordings. Of particular interest are its oscillations above the zero-field limit, many aspects of which are expected to be independent of the atomic target. Our results are analyzed with the help of classical, semiclassical, and quantum mechanical calculations devoted to the hydrogenic Stark effect. It is theoretically found that these continuum glory oscillations are related to the resonantlike Stark structures appearing under certain conditions in the total photoionization cross section and implying energy quantization in the continuum. The striking outcome of the present study, however, is that both theory and experiment clearly support the connection between the energy- and static field-dependent periodicity of glory oscillations with the classical dynamics of electron motion. In particular, it is shown that the Fourier transform of the glory signal provides information on the differences between the origin-to-detector times of flight corresponding to specific pairs of classical electron trajectories.
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Dates and versions

hal-02932348 , version 1 (05-11-2020)

Identifiers

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P. Kalaïtzis, S. Danakas, K. Ferentinou, Franck Lépine, C. Bordas, et al.. Glory oscillations in photoionization microscopy: Connection with electron dynamics and Stark spectral structures in the continuum. Physical Review A, 2020, 102 (3), pp.033101. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.102.033101⟩. ⟨hal-02932348⟩
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