Optical instrumentation for chromospheric monitoring during solar cycle 25 at Paris and Côte d'Azur observatories - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate Year : 2020

Optical instrumentation for chromospheric monitoring during solar cycle 25 at Paris and Côte d'Azur observatories

Abstract

We present the observing program proposed by Paris and Côte d’Azur Observatories for monitoring solar activity during the upcoming cycle 25 and providing near real time images and movies of the chromosphere for space-weather research and applications. Two optical instruments are fully dedicated to this task and we summarize their capabilities. Short-term and fast-cadence observations of the chromosphere will be performed automatically at Calern observatory (Côte d’Azur), where dynamic events, as flare development, Moreton waves, filament instabilities and Coronal Mass Ejections onset, will be tracked. This new set of telescopes will operate in 2021 with narrow bandpass filters selecting Hα and CaII K lines. We present the instrumental design and a simulation of future images. At Meudon, the Spectroheliograph is well adapted to the long-term and low-cadence survey of chromospheric activity by recently improved and optimized spectroscopic means. Surface scans deliver daily (x, y, λ) datacubes of Hα, CaII K and CaII H line profiles. We describe the nature of available data and emphasize the new calibration method of spectra.
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Dates and versions

hal-02894803 , version 1 (15-09-2020)

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Jean-Marie Malherbe, Thierry Corbard, Kévin Dalmasse. Optical instrumentation for chromospheric monitoring during solar cycle 25 at Paris and Côte d'Azur observatories. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 2020, Topical Issue - Space Weather Instrumentation, 10, pp.31. ⟨10.1051/swsc/2020032⟩. ⟨hal-02894803⟩
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