Microwell-based pancreas-on-chip model enhances genes expression and functionality of rat islets of Langerhans - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology Year : 2020

Microwell-based pancreas-on-chip model enhances genes expression and functionality of rat islets of Langerhans

Abstract

Organ-on-chip technology is a promising tool for investigating physiological in vitro responses in drug screening development, and in advanced disease models. Within this framework, we investigated the behavior of rat islets of Langerhans in an organ-on-chip model. The islets were trapped by sedimentation in a biochip with a microstructure based on microwells, and perfused for 5 days of culture. The live/dead assay confirmed the high viability of the islets in the biochip cultures. The microfluidic culture leads to upregulation of mRNA levels of important pancreatic islet genes: Ins1, App, Insr, Gcgr, Reg3a and Neurod. Furthermore, insulin and glucagon secretion were higher in the biochips compared to the Petri conditions after 5 days of culture. We also confirmed glucose-induced insulin secretion in biochips via high and low glucose stimulations leading to high/low insulin secretion. The high responsiveness of the pancreatic islets to glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) stimulation in the biochips was reflected by the upregulation of mRNA levels of Gcgr, Reg3a, Neurog3, Ins1, Ins2, Stt and Glp-1r and by increased insulin secretion. The results obtained highlighted the functionality of the islets in the biochips and illustrated the potential of our pancreas-on-chip model for future pancreatic disease modeling and anti-diabetic drugs screening.
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Dates and versions

hal-02884096 , version 1 (05-01-2021)

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Amal Essaouiba, Teru Okitsu, Rachid Jellali, Marie Shinohara, Mathieu Danoy, et al.. Microwell-based pancreas-on-chip model enhances genes expression and functionality of rat islets of Langerhans. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 2020, 112, pp.110892. ⟨10.1016/j.mce.2020.110892⟩. ⟨hal-02884096⟩
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