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Journal Articles Memory Studies Year : 2020

The Concept of Heritage and the Grammar of Islamic Fundamentalism

Abstract

Islamic fundamentalism is a way to oppose the counter-narrative of an exclusive Islamic civilization to the universalist master-narrative of history's pluralistic heritage. Two methods of reading the past collide here. One is a genealogical method, which values anything that relates the present to its historical roots. The other is a fundamentalist method, which relies on sacred scriptures in order to identify a founding age it arrogates to itself and to condemn anything that does not correspond to it. These two perspectives function in a conflicting yet interdependent manner. This article aims to describe the operating modes of these two narratives. First, it examines how the concept of heritage acquired new meanings and transformed into an evaluation table with which to assess past, present, and future collective identities. Second, it describes some audiovisual productions relating to the antique city of Hatra, to the destruction of its statues by Islamic State's fighters, and to its symbolism. On this basis, it analyzes these productions in terms of heritage master-and counter-narratives. Third, it addresses, in relation to the issue of heritage, the fundamentalist discursive structure, its grammar, the entrenchment of its rules, and the demarcation it implies between the community of believers and everyone else.
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Dates and versions

hal-02880310 , version 1 (24-06-2020)

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Baudouin Dupret, Clémentine Gutron. The Concept of Heritage and the Grammar of Islamic Fundamentalism. Memory Studies, 2020, 14 (2), pp.483-200. ⟨10.1177/1750698020921435⟩. ⟨hal-02880310⟩
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