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Journal Articles Space Science Reviews Year : 2019

SEIS: Insight’s Seismic Experiment for Internal Structure of Mars

P. Lognonné (1) , W. Banerdt , D. Giardini (2) , W. Pike (3) , U. Christensen (4) , P. Laudet (5) , S. de Raucourt (1) , P. Zweifel (6) , S. Calcutt (7) , M. Bierwirth (4) , K. Hurst (8) , F. Ijpelaan (5) , W. Umland (8) , R. Llorca-Cejudo (5) , S. Larson (8) , F. Garcia (9) , S. Kedar (8) , B. Knapmeyer-Endrun (4) , D. Mimoun (9) , A. Mocquet (10) , P. Panning (8) , R. Weber (11) , A. Sylvestre-Baron (5) , G. Pont (5) , N. Verdier (5) , L. Kerjean (5) , J. Facto (8) , V. Gharakanian (8) , J. Feldman (8) , L. Hoffman (8) , D. Klein (8) , K. Klein (8) , P. Onufer (8) , J. Garcia (8) , P. Petkov (8) , J. Willis (8) , S. Smrekar (8) , M. Drilleau (1) , T. Gabsi (12) , T. Nebut (1) , O. Robert (1) , S. Tillier (1) , C. Moreau (1) , M. Parise (1) , G. Aveni (1) , S. Ben Charef (1) , Y. Bennour (1) , T. Camus (13) , P. Dandonneau (1) , C. Desfoux (1) , B. Lecomte (1, 14) , O. Pot (1, 15) , P. Revuz (1) , D. Mance (6) , J. Tenpierick (6) , N. Bowles (16) , C. Charalambous (3) , K. Delahunty (17, 3) , J. Hurley (16, 18, 19) , R. Irshad (16, 18) , Huafeng Liu (20, 3) , A. Mukherjee (3) , M. Standley (21) , A. Stott (3) , J. Temple (7, 19) , T. Warren (7, 19) , M. Eberhardt (4) , A. Kramer (4) , W. Kühne (4) , P. Miettinen (4) , M. Monecke (4) , C. Aicardi (5) , M. Andre (5) , J. Baroukh (5) , A. Borrien (5) , A. Bouisset (5) , P. Boutte (5) , K. Bréthomé (5) , C. Brysbaert (5) , T. Carlier (5) , M. Deleuze (5) , M. Desmarres (5) , D. Dilhan (5) , C. Doucet (5) , D. Faye (5) , N. P. Faye (5) , R. Gonzalez (5) , C. C. Imbert (5) , C. Larigauderie (5) , E. Locatelli (5) , L. Luno (5) , J. Meyer (5) , F. Mialhe (5) , Michel Mouret (5) , M. Nonon (5) , Y. Pahn (5) , A. Paillet (5) , P. Pasquier (5) , G. Perez (5) , R. Perez (5) , L. Perrin (5) , B. Pouilloux (5) , A. Rosak (5) , I. Savin De larclause (5) , J. Sicre (5) , M. Sodki (5) , N. Toulemont (5) , B. Vella (5) , C. Yana (5) , F. Alibay (8) , Marta Avalos (8) , M. Balzer (8) , P. Bhandari (8) , E. Blanco (8) , D. Bone (8) , J. Bousman (8) , P. Bruneau (8) , F. Calef (8) , J. Calvet (8) , S. D’agostino (8) , G. De los Santos (8) , R. Deen (8) , W. Denise (8) , J. Ervin (8) , W. Ferraro (8) , E. Gengl (8) , F. Grinblat (8) , D. Hernandez (8) , M. Hetzel (8) , M. Johnson (8) , L. Khachikyan (8) , J. Lin (8) , S. Madzunkov (8) , S. Marshall (8) , G. Mikellides (8) , A. Miller (8) , W. Raff (8) , J. Singer (8) , M. Sunday (8) , F. Villalvazo (8) , M. Wallace (8) , D. Banfield (22) , J. Rodriguez-Manfredi (23) , T. Russell (24) , A. Trebi-Ollennu (8) , J. Maki (8) , Éric Beucler (10) , M. Böse (6) , C. Bonjour (25) , Jean-Luc Berenguer (26) , S. Ceylan , J. Clinton (27) , V. Conejero (1) , I. Daubar (8) , V. Dehant (28) , Pierre Delage (29) , F. Euchner (2) , I. Estève (30) , L. Fayon (1) , L. Ferraioli (2) , L. Johnson (31, 32) , J. Gagnepain-Beyneix (12) , M. Golombek (8) , A. Khan (2) , T. Kawamura , B. Kenda (1) , P. Labrot (1) , N. Murdoch (9) , C. Pardo (1) , C. Perrin (1) , L. Pou (9) , A. Sauron (2) , D. Savoie (33) , S. Stähler (2) , E. Stutzmann (12) , A. Teanby (34) , J. Tromp (35) , M. van Driel (2) , M. Wieczorek (36) , R. Widmer-Schnidrig (37) , J. Wookey (38)
1 IPGP - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
2 Institute of Geophysics [ETH Zürich]
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering [Imperial College London]
4 MPS - Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung = Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
5 CNES - Centre National d'Études Spatiales [Toulouse]
6 ETHZ - Geological Institute
7 University of Oxford
8 JPL - Jet Propulsion Laboratory
9 ISAE-SUPAERO - Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace
10 LPG - Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique [UMR 6112]
11 MSFC - NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
12 IPGP - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
13 IRAP - Institut de recherche en astrophysique et planétologie
14 IAS - Institut d'astrophysique spatiale
15 LMFA - Laboratoire de Mecanique des Fluides et d'Acoustique
16 AOPP - Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics [Oxford]
17 Advanced Technology and Research
18 RAL Space - Space Science and Technology Department [Didcot]
19 Clarendon Laboratory [Oxford]
20 HUST - Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Wuhan]
21 Kinemetrics
22 Cornell University [New York]
23 CAB - Centro de Astrobiologia [Madrid]
24 UCLA - University of California [Los Angeles]
25 Institut of GeophysicsETHZ
26 GEOAZUR 7329 - Géoazur
27 Swiss Seismological Service
28 ROB - Royal Observatory of Belgium [Brussels]
29 cermes - Géotechnique
30 IMPMC - Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie
31 UBC - University of British Columbia
32 PSI - Planetary Science Institute [Tucson]
33 LNE - SYRTE - Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais - Systèmes de Référence Temps-Espace
34 University of Bristol [Bristol]
35 Department of Geosciences [Princeton]
36 LAGRANGE - Joseph Louis LAGRANGE
37 Universität Stuttgart [Stuttgart]
38 School of Earth Sciences [Bristol]
P. Lognonné
W. Banerdt
  • Function : Author
D. Giardini
P. Zweifel
  • Function : Author
S. Calcutt
  • Function : Author
K. Hurst
K. Klein
S. Smrekar
T. Gabsi
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 847919
D. Mance
  • Function : Author
M. Standley
  • Function : Author
F. Mialhe
J. Lin
  • Function : Author
D. Banfield
T. Russell
J. Maki
M. Böse
Jean-Luc Berenguer
S. Ceylan
  • Function : Author
I. Daubar
Pierre Delage
M. Golombek
T. Kawamura
S. Stähler
M. Wieczorek

Abstract

By the end of 2018, 42 years after the landing of the two Viking seismometers on Mars, InSight will deploy onto Mars’ surface the SEIS (Seismic Experiment for Internal Structure) instrument; a six-axes seismometer equipped with both a long-period three-axes Very Broad Band (VBB) instrument and a three-axes short-period (SP) instrument. These six sensors will cover a broad range of the seismic bandwidth, from 0.01 Hz to 50 Hz, with possible extension to longer periods. Data will be transmitted in the form of three continuous VBB components at 2 sample per second (sps), an estimation of the short period energy content from the SP at 1 sps and a continuous compound VBB/SP vertical axis at 10 sps. The continuous streams will be augmented by requested event data with sample rates from 20 to 100 sps. SEIS will improve upon the existing resolution of Viking’s Mars seismic monitoring by a factor of \sim 2500 at 1 Hz and \sim 200\,000 at 0.1 Hz. An additional major improvement is that, contrary to Viking, the seismometers will be deployed via a robotic arm directly onto Mars’ surface and will be protected against temperature and wind by highly efficient thermal and wind shielding. Based on existing knowledge of Mars, it is reasonable to infer a moment magnitude detection threshold of M_{{w}} \sim 3 at 40^{\circ} epicentral distance and a potential to detect several tens of quakes and about five impacts per year. In this paper, we first describe the science goals of the experiment and the rationale used to define its requirements. We then provide a detailed description of the hardware, from the sensors to the deployment system and associated performance, including transfer functions of the seismic sensors and temperature sensors. We conclude by describing the experiment ground segment, including data processing services, outreach and education networks and provide a description of the format to be used for future data distribution.

Domains

Earth Sciences
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-02188213 , version 1 (18-06-2020)
hal-02188213 , version 2 (01-04-2021)

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P. Lognonné, W. Banerdt, D. Giardini, W. Pike, U. Christensen, et al.. SEIS: Insight’s Seismic Experiment for Internal Structure of Mars. Space Science Reviews, 2019, 215 (1), ⟨10.1007/s11214-018-0574-6⟩. ⟨hal-02188213v2⟩
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