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Journal Articles Composite Structures Year : 2020

Laser shock adhesion test numerical optimization for composite bonding assessment

Abstract

The present work presents the latest development of laser shock adhesion test (LASAT) technology, targeting the weak bond detection in bonded aeronautic structures. This problematic is still holding back a wider use of bonding, which could however be a significant breakthrough in the way of assembling parts. By mechanically loading the bondline thanks to laser-induced shock waves, LASAT acts as proof test to reveal the presence of local weaknesses. In the present paper, focus is made on the optimization of the laser shock parameters regarding the assembly to test. Objective is to avoid loading too much the composite, thus avoiding damage, to increase the test performances. Numerical modelling is used, following a specific methodology, to understand the phenomena and identify the key parameters. The basic laser shock configuration was first investigated. Due to the stress distribution, this setting allows one to test a bond whose strength is equal or below 40% of composite inter-laminar strength. The effects of the laser focal spot on the stress distribution are also quantified. A 4 mm diameter shows good performances for the assembly to test. For the first time, three different optimizations are proposed: tunable pulse duration, double pulses on the front face and symmetrical laser shocks. They are first theoretically described. Numerical results then support these configurations’ performances. The double pulse solution makes it possible to test a bond strength equal or inferior to 80% of composite inter-laminar strength, when symmetrical pulses enable to reach 100% thanks to a sharp stress distribution. These results are validated by experimental evidence that is also presented. Finally, the present work offers helpful information for the development and deployment of LASAT for aeronautic bonded structures.

Domains

Materials
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Dates and versions

hal-02734548 , version 1 (02-06-2020)

Identifiers

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Romain Ecault, Fabienne Touchard, Laurent Berthe, Michel Boustié. Laser shock adhesion test numerical optimization for composite bonding assessment. Composite Structures, 2020, 247, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.112441⟩. ⟨hal-02734548⟩
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