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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2020

COVID-19 pandemic control: balancing detection policy and lockdown intervention under ICU sustainability

Abstract

We consider here an extended SIR model, including several features of the recent COVID-19 outbreak: in particular the infected and recovered individuals can either be detected (+) or undetected (-) and we also integrate an intensive care unit capacity. Our model enables a tractable quantitative analysis of the optimal policy for the control of the epidemic dynamics using both lockdown and detection intervention levers. With parametric specification based on literature on COVID-19, we investigate sensitivity of various quantities on optimal strategies, taking into account the subtle tradeoff between the sanitary and the economic cost of the pandemic, together with the limited capacity level of ICU. We identify the optimal lockdown policy as an intervention structured in 4 successive phases: First a quick and strong lockdown intervention to stop the exponential growth of the contagion; second a short transition phase to reduce the prevalence of the virus; third a long period with full ICU capacity and stable virus prevalence; finally a return to normal social interactions with disappearance of the virus. We also provide optimal intervention measures with increasing ICU capacity, as well as optimization over the effort on detection of infectious and immune individuals.
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Dates and versions

hal-02572966 , version 1 (13-05-2020)
hal-02572966 , version 2 (21-05-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02572966 , version 1

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Arthur Charpentier, Romuald Elie, Mathieu Laurière, Viet-Chi Tran. COVID-19 pandemic control: balancing detection policy and lockdown intervention under ICU sustainability. 2020. ⟨hal-02572966v1⟩
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