Effects of finishing processes on the fatigue life improvements of electro-machined surfaces of tool steel - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology Year : 2011

Effects of finishing processes on the fatigue life improvements of electro-machined surfaces of tool steel

Abstract

Machining the EN X160CrMoV12 tool steel by electro-discharge machining (EDM) process generates significant modifications of microgeometrical, microstructural and mechanical properties of the upper layers of the machined components. In this paper, the role of these modifications in controlling the stability, under cyclic loading, of the propagation of the crack networks generated by EDM is discussed. High cycle fatigue tests (2×106 cycles) show that the presence of these cracks in brittle layers, i.e. white layer, quenched the martensitic layer, and a field of tensile residual stresses (+750 MPa) results in a loss of 34% of endurance limit comparatively with the endurance evaluated for the milled state that generates crack-free surfaces. It is shown, in this work, that the detrimental effect of these crack networks can be controlled by putting in compression the upper layers of the EDM surfaces. Indeed the application of wire brushing to EDM surfaces generates compressive residual stresses (≈-100 MPa) that stabilise the crack networks propagation and therefore restores to the EDM surfaces their endurance limit value corresponding to the milled state. Moreover, removing the crack networks by polishing generates a stabilised residual stress value of ≈-130 MPa. This results in an improvement rate of about 70% of the endurance limit comparatively with the EDM state and of 26% in comparison to the milled state. These rates could be further increased by the application of the wire brushing process to the polished surfaces that reached 75% and 30% comparatively to the EDM and milling states respectively. In this case, a stabilised surface residual stress of about ≈-150 MPa was measured on the specimen surfaces.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
LIM_IJMAT_2011_BRAHAM.pdf (3.38 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02455204 , version 1 (25-01-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Farhat Ghanem, Nabil Ben Fredj, Habib Sidhom, Chedly Braham. Effects of finishing processes on the fatigue life improvements of electro-machined surfaces of tool steel. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2011, 52 (5-8), pp.583-595. ⟨10.1007/s00170-010-2751-y⟩. ⟨hal-02455204⟩
44 View
171 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More