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Journal Articles Genes Year : 2019

The Epigenetics Dilemma

Abstract

This special issue of Genes demonstrates clearly that research in epigenetics has proceeded at a very rapid pace in the last decade. A wide range of techniques is available to those who endeavor studies in epigenetics and as long as there is a research budget, there remains today very few technical constraints. It is, for instance, conceivable, as demonstrated by Liu et al. in this special issue [1], to practically start from scratch to sequence and assemble the genome of any species, establish the epigenome, and perform integrative comparative approaches on both within the framework of a single publication. This would have been inconceivable only a couple of years ago. As a consequence, results presented in this issue and elsewhere make clear that this is a time of opportunity for epigenetics as its contours and impact are traced more and more clearly: the epigenome is demonstrated to be very plastic, it changes during development [2], but also, and in a different way, when exposed to external environmental cues. These changes occur sometimes within generations [3] and, in other cases, epigenetic plasticity occurs through generations [4,5], conveying parental effects of very different type (e.g., parental diet or hatchery environment).
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hal-02428660 , version 1 (15-01-2020)

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Christoph Grunau, Jérémy Le Luyer, Martin Laporte, Dominique Joly. The Epigenetics Dilemma. Genes, 2019, 11 (1), pp.23. ⟨10.3390/genes11010023⟩. ⟨hal-02428660⟩
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