The bison valley: Ormesson (Seine-et-Marne, France), a key open-air site for the study of Palaeolithic groups from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Badegoulian - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2016

The bison valley: Ormesson (Seine-et-Marne, France), a key open-air site for the study of Palaeolithic groups from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Badegoulian

P. Bodu
H.-G. Naton
C. Peschaux
H. Salomon

Abstract

In the Paris Basin, open-air Palaeolithic sites generally belong to the final Magdalenian with examples such as Pincevent, Etiolles and Verberie. It is on these sites that the palethnographic approach of A. Leroi-Gourhan and his disciples was elaborated. However, for a long time, periods prior to the end of the Upper Palaeolithic did not focus a lot of attention, certainly because of the absence of well-preserved sites, but also because of a relative lack of interest on behalf of researchers who were working on this vast area. Thanks to a collective research project developed in the early 2000’s at the French National Center for Scientific research (CNRS), entitled “The Early Upper Palaeolithic of the centre and the south of the Paris Basin”, new data were collected leading to the development of an excavation program on the site of Ormesson (Seine-et- Marne) that began in 2009. After seven years of functioning, this program, initially focused on a Gravettian occupation dated 26500 uncal. BP and linked to bison hunting, has permitted the identification of four others occupations ranging from the end of the Middle Palaeolithic to the Badegoulian, and also including the Châtelperronian and the Middle Solutrean periods. The excellent state of preservation of these occupations leads us, besides the study of the environmental context (topography, plant environment, fauna, availability of raw materials, etc.), to a better understanding of subsistence economies and settlements functioning developed during 30000 years of human presence at this site.
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hal-02183368 , version 1 (15-07-2019)

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  • HAL Id : hal-02183368 , version 1

Cite

O. Touzé, P. Bodu, M. Ballinger, G. Dumarçay, N. Goutas, et al.. The bison valley: Ormesson (Seine-et-Marne, France), a key open-air site for the study of Palaeolithic groups from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Badegoulian. Unravelling the Palaeolithic, Jan 2016, Southampton, United Kingdom. ⟨hal-02183368⟩
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