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Conference Papers Year : 2019

Practical Algebraic Attack on DAGS

Abstract

DAGS scheme is a key encapsulation mechanism (KEM) based on quasi-dyadic alternant codes that was submitted to NIST standardization process for a quantum resistant public key algo rithm. Recently an algebraic attack was devised by Barelli and Couvreur (Asi-acrypt 2018) that efficiently recovers the private key. It shows that DAGS can be totally cryptanalysed by solving a system of bilinear polynomial equations. However, some sets of DAGS parameters were not br oken in practice. In this paper we improve the algebraic attack by showing that the original approach was not optimal in terms of the ratio of the number of equations to the number of variables. Contrary to the common belief that reducing at any cost the number of variables in a polynomial system is always beneficial, we actually observed that, provided that the ratio is increased and up to a threshold, the solving can be heavily improved by adding variables to the polynomial system. This enables us to recover the private keys in a few seconds. Furthermore, our experimentation also show that the maximum degree reached during the computation of the Gröbner basis is an important parameter that explains the efficiency of the attack. Finally, the authors of DAGS updated the parameters to take into account the algebraic cryptanalysis of Barelli and Couvreur. In the present article, we propose a hybrid approach that performs an exhaustive search on some variables and computes a Gröbner basis on the polynomial system involving the remaining variables. We then show that the updated set of parameters corresponding to 128-bit security can be broken with 283 operations.

Dates and versions

hal-02125330 , version 1 (10-05-2019)

Identifiers

Cite

Magali Bardet, Manon Bertin, Alain Couvreur, Ayoub Otmani. Practical Algebraic Attack on DAGS. CBC 2019 - 7th Code-Based Cryptography Workshop, May 2019, Darmstadt, Germany. pp.86-101, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-25922-8_5⟩. ⟨hal-02125330⟩
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