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Journal Articles Journal of Chemical Physics Year : 2019

Phoretic and hydrodynamic interactions of weakly confined autophoretic particles

Abstract

Phoretic particles self-propel using self-generated physico-chemical gradients at their surface. Within a suspension, they interact hydrodynamically by setting the fluid around them into motion and chemically by modifying the chemical background seen by their neighbours. While most phoretic systems evolve in confined environments due to buoyancy effects, most models focus on their interactions in unbounded flows. Here, we propose a first model for the interaction of phoretic particles in Hele-Shaw confinement and show that in this limit, hydrodynamic and phoretic interactions share not only the same scaling but also the same form, albeit in opposite directions. In essence, we show that phoretic interactions effectively reverse the sign of the interactions that would be obtained for swimmers interacting purely hydrodynamically. Yet, hydrodynamic interactions cannot be neglected as they significantly impact the magnitude of the interactions. This model is then used to analyse the behavior of a suspension. The suspension exhibits swirling and clustering collective modes dictated by the orientational interactions between particles, similar to hydrodynamic swimmers, but here governed by the surface properties of the phoretic particle; the reversal in the sign of the interaction tends to slow down the swimming motion of the particles. Published under license by AIP Publishing. https://doi.
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Dates and versions

hal-02104809 , version 1 (12-11-2019)

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Eva Kanso, Sébastien Michelin. Phoretic and hydrodynamic interactions of weakly confined autophoretic particles. Journal of Chemical Physics, 2019, 150 (4), pp.044902. ⟨10.1063/1.5065656⟩. ⟨hal-02104809⟩
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