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Journal Articles Cellulose Year : 2007

Oxygen and water vapor permeability of fully substituted long chain cellulose esters (LCCE)

Abstract

Fully-substituted cellulose esters with acyl substituents ranging in size from C2 to C18 were synthesized using the acyl chloride method. Films were prepared from the purified esters by either solvent-casting or compression-molding at elevated temperatures. Oxygen and water vapor permeability was determined under different conditions of pressure and moisture. The relationship between cellulose ester structure and barrier properties was examined. The results revealed linear relationships between water vapor and oxygen permeabilities and molar ester substituent volume as well as several structural factors relating to polymer polarity and hydrophobicity, such as aliphatic (methylene) content, solubility parameter, and contact angle. Films from long chain cellulose esters (LCCE) with acyl substituents in the size range between C8 and C18 were found to represent effective barriers to water vapor transport while their obstruction to the transfer of oxygen remained low. It was concluded that the hydrophobic nature of LCCEs is responsible for the control of water vapor transport, and that spatial factors dominate the transfer of oxygen.
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Dates and versions

hal-02058611 , version 1 (06-03-2019)

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Julien Bras, Carlos Vaca-Garcia, Marie-Elizabeth Borredon, Wolfgang Glasser. Oxygen and water vapor permeability of fully substituted long chain cellulose esters (LCCE). Cellulose, 2007, 14 (4), pp.367-374. ⟨10.1007/s10570-007-9123-2⟩. ⟨hal-02058611⟩
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