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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2024

Unifying lower bounds for algebraic machines, semantically

Abstract

This paper presents a new abstract method for proving lower bounds in computational complexity. Based on the notion of topological and measurable entropy for dynamical systems, it is shown to generalise three previous lower bounds results from the literature in algebraic complexity. We use it to prove that maxflow, a Ptime complete problem, is not computable in polylogarithmic time on parallel random access machines (prams) working with real numbers. This improves, albeit slightly, on a result of Mulmuley since the class of machines considered extends the class “prams without bit operations”, making more precise the relationship between Mulmuley’s result and similar lower bounds on real prams. More importantly, we show our method captures previous lower bounds results from the literature, thus providing a unifying framework for "topological" proofs of lower bounds: Steele and Yao’s lower bounds for algebraic decision trees, Ben-Or’s lower bounds for algebraic computation trees, Cucker’s proof that NC is not equal to Ptime in the real case, and Mulmuley’s lower bounds for “prams without bit operations”.
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Dates and versions

hal-01921942 , version 1 (14-11-2018)
hal-01921942 , version 2 (23-01-2021)
hal-01921942 , version 3 (07-11-2022)
hal-01921942 , version 4 (10-02-2023)
hal-01921942 , version 5 (16-04-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Thomas Seiller, Luc Pellissier, Ulysse Léchine. Unifying lower bounds for algebraic machines, semantically. 2024. ⟨hal-01921942v5⟩
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