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Journal Articles Composites Part B: Engineering Year : 2017

Analysis of the deformability of flax-fibre nonwoven fabrics during manufacturing.

Abstract

The use of natural fibres for technical advanced products such as composites is widely increasing with the view to reduce the impact of the material throughout its life cycle on the environment. Some work has been performed on natural fibre based reinforcement textiles for composite materials. The mechanical and the formability behaviours of woven fabrics has particularly been characterised. However, few research work concerns the forming aptitude of nonwoven fabrics despite promising preliminary studies. In the present work, the mechanical characterizations of flax-fibre nonwoven reinforcements are carried out firstly. Then the forming tests of the nonwoven fabrics are performed to quantify their formability behaviour. The tensile and forming tests showed very different mechanical behaviours in comparison to the ones observed on woven fabrics due to the non-uniformity of nonwoven fabric. The high deformation potential of the nonwoven fabrics is established. The specific behaviour of the nonwoven fabrics is studied by analysing the local and global deformation mechanisms of the reinforcement during forming. Moreover, the manufacturing defects experienced in nonwoven fabric forming are demonstrated. The slippage/damage of network is a typical problem in the nonwoven fabric forming, which depends strongly on the fibre density (area density) of fabric and blank-holder pressure.
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Dates and versions

hal-01826271 , version 1 (29-06-2018)

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Fatma Omrani, Wang Peng, Soulat Damien, Manuela Ferreira, Pierre Ouagne. Analysis of the deformability of flax-fibre nonwoven fabrics during manufacturing.. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2017, vol. 116, pp. 471-485. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.11.003⟩. ⟨hal-01826271⟩
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