Electrohydrodynamic ionic wind, force field, and ionic mobility in a positive dc wire-to-cylinders corona discharge in air - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Physical Review Fluids Year : 2018

Electrohydrodynamic ionic wind, force field, and ionic mobility in a positive dc wire-to-cylinders corona discharge in air

Abstract

Ionic wind refers to the acceleration of partially ionized air between two high-voltage electrodes. We study the momentum transfer from ions to air, resulting from ionic wind created by two asymmetric electrodes and producing a net thrust. This electrohydrodynamic (EHD) thrust, has already been measured in previous studies with digital scales. In this study, we provide more insights into the electrohydrodynamic momentum transfer for a wire-to-cylinder(s) positive dc corona discharge. We provide a simple and general theoretical derivation for EHD thrust, which is proportional to the current/mobility ratio and also to an effective distance integrated on the surface of the electrodes. By considering various electrode configurations, our investigation brings out the physical origin of previously obtained optimal configurations, associated with a better tradeoff between Coulomb forcing, friction occurring at the collector, and wake interactions. By measuring two-dimensional velocity fields using particle image velocimetry (PIV), we are able to evaluate the resulting local net force, including the pressure gradient. It is shown that the contribution of velocity fluctuations in the wake of the collecting electrode(s) must be taken into account to recover the net thrust. We confirm the proportionality between the EHD force and the current/mobility ratio experimentally, and evaluate the ion mobility from PIV measurements. A spectral analysis of the velocity fluctuations indicates a dominant frequency corresponding to a Strouhal number of 0.3 based on the ionic wind velocity and the collector size. Finally, the effective mobility of charge carriers is estimated by a PIV based method inside the drift region.
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Dates and versions

hal-01810610 , version 1 (08-06-2018)

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Nicolas Monrolin, Olivier Praud, Franck Plouraboué. Electrohydrodynamic ionic wind, force field, and ionic mobility in a positive dc wire-to-cylinders corona discharge in air. Physical Review Fluids, 2018, 3 (6), pp.063701. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevFluids.3.063701⟩. ⟨hal-01810610⟩
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