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Journal Articles SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis Year : 2019

Optimal releases for population replacement strategies, application to Wolbachia


In this article, we consider a simplified model of time dynamics for a mosquito population subject to the artificial introduction of {\itshape Wolbachia}-infected mosquitoes, in order to fight arboviruses transmission. Indeed, it has been observed that when some mosquito populations are infected by some {\itshape Wolbachia} bacteria, various reproductive alterations are induced in mosquitoes, including cytoplasmic incompatibility. Some of these {\itshape Wolbachia} bacteria greatly reduce the ability of insects to become infected with viruses such as the dengue ones, cutting down their vector competence and thus effectively stopping local dengue transmission. The behavior of infected and uninfected mosquitoes is assumed to be driven by a compartmental system enriched with the presence of an internal control source term standing for releases of infected mosquitoes, distributed in time. We model and design an optimal releasing control strategy with the help of a least square problem. In a nutshell, one wants to minimize the number of uninfected mosquitoes at a given horizon of time, under some relevant biological constraints. We derive properties of optimal controls, highlight a limit problem providing useful asymptotic properties of optimal controls. We numerically illustrate the relevance of our approach.
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Dates and versions

hal-01807624 , version 1 (05-06-2018)
hal-01807624 , version 2 (05-09-2019)



Luís Almeida, Yannick Privat, Martin Strugarek, Nicolas Vauchelet. Optimal releases for population replacement strategies, application to Wolbachia. SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 2019, 51 (4), pp.3170--3194. ⟨10.1137/18M1189841⟩. ⟨hal-01807624v2⟩
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