Trees within trees: Simple nested coalescents - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Electronic Journal of Probability Year : 2018

Trees within trees: Simple nested coalescents

Abstract

We consider the compact space of pairs of nested partitions of $\mathbb N$, where by analogy with models used in molecular evolution, we call "gene partition" the finer partition and "species partition" the coarser one. We introduce the class of nondecreasing processes valued in nested partitions, assumed Markovian and with exchangeable semigroup. These processes are said simple when each partition only undergoes one coalescence event at a time (but possibly the same time). Simple nested exchangeable coalescent (SNEC) processes can be seen as the extension of $\Lambda$-coalescents to nested partitions. We characterize the law of SNEC processes as follows. In the absence of gene coalescences, species blocks undergo $\Lambda$-coalescent type events and in the absence of species coalescences, gene blocks lying in the same species block undergo i.i.d. $\Lambda$-coalescents. Simultaneous coalescence of the gene and species partitions are governed by an intensity measure $\nu_s$ on $(0,1]\times {\mathcal M}_1 ([0,1])$ providing the frequency of species merging and the law in which are drawn (independently) the frequencies of genes merging in each coalescing species block. As an application, we also study the conditions under which a SNEC process comes down from infinity.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
snec.pdf (462.62 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-01725123 , version 1 (07-03-2018)
hal-01725123 , version 2 (25-09-2018)

Identifiers

Cite

Airam Blancas, Jean-Jil Duchamps, Amaury Lambert, Arno Siri-Jégousse. Trees within trees: Simple nested coalescents. Electronic Journal of Probability, 2018, ⟨10.1214/18-ejp219⟩. ⟨hal-01725123v2⟩
211 View
96 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More