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Journal Articles Applied Physics Letters Year : 2015

Spin-orbit torques for current parallel and perpendicular to a domain wall

Abstract

We report field- and current-induced domain wall (DW) depinning experiments in Ta\Co20Fe60 B-20\MgO nanowires through a Hall cross geometry. While purely field-induced depinning shows no angular dependence on in-plane fields, the effect of the current depends crucially on the internal DW structure, which we manipulate by an external magnetic in-plane field. We show depinning measurements for a current sent parallel to the DW and compare its depinning efficiency with the conventional case of current flowing perpendicularly to the DW. We find that the maximum efficiency is similar for both current directions within the error bars, which is in line with a dominating damping-like spin-orbit torque (SOT) and indicates that no large additional torques arise for currents perpendicular to the DW. Finally, we find a varying dependence of the maximum depinning efficiency angle for different DWs and pinning levels. This emphasizes the importance of our full angular scans compared with previously used measurements for just two field directions (parallel and perpendicular to the DW) to determine the real torque strength and shows the sensitivity of the SOT to the precise DW structure and pinning sites. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

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Dates and versions

hal-01616536 , version 1 (13-10-2017)

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Tomek Schulz, Oscar Alejos, Eduardo Martínez, Kjetil M. D. Hals, Karin Garcia, et al.. Spin-orbit torques for current parallel and perpendicular to a domain wall. Applied Physics Letters, 2015, 107 (12), pp.122405. ⟨10.1063/1.4931429⟩. ⟨hal-01616536⟩
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