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Journal Articles Applied Catalysis B: Environmental Year : 2015

Nanotubes array electrodes by Pt evaporation: Half-cell characterization and PEM fuel cell demonstration

Abstract

A self-standing nanotubes (NTs) array electrode is produced by electron beam evaporation of Pt on porous alumina templates. NTs have a mean diameter ranging from 150 to 300 nm, a length of 150 nm and a wall thickness of 20 nm. The ultrathin electrode has a density ranging between 10(9) and 4 x 10(9) NTs CMgeo-2 with a corresponding catalyst loading of 100 mu g(Pt) cm(geo)(-2). The NTs are assembled on a Nafion (R) membrane to obtain a NTs Array based Membrane Electrode Assembly (NTA-MEA) for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) application. Ex-situ half-cell tests are carried out on 0.5 cm(geo)(2) samples to characterize the electrochemical properties of the NTs array electrode. PEMFC tests are also performed on 17 cm(geo)(2) samples to demonstrate the great potential of this architecture as fuel cell cathode under real operating conditions. Comparisons with Pt/C dispersions are made to draw conclusions on the advantage of the NTs array on conventional electrodes in terms of catalyst utilization. The NTs array shows improved catalyst accessibility due to the absence of the porous carbon support. Double current density per catalyst unit surface over Pt/C dispersions is measured at 0.6V during PEMFC tests under dry O-2 and air with 30%RH humidification. (C) 2014 Elsevier BY. All rights reserved.
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Dates and versions

hal-01592969 , version 1 (25-09-2017)

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Samuele Galbiati, Arnaud Morin, Nicolas Pauc. Nanotubes array electrodes by Pt evaporation: Half-cell characterization and PEM fuel cell demonstration. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2015, 165, pp.149-157. ⟨10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.09.075⟩. ⟨hal-01592969⟩
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