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Journal Articles Journal of the Royal Society Interface Year : 2016

Symmetry-breaking phase transitions in highly concentrated semen

Abstract

New experimental evidence of self-motion of a confined active suspension is presented. Depositing fresh semen sample in an annular shaped microfluidic chip leads to a spontaneous vortex state of the fluid at sufficiently large sperm concentration. The rotation occurs unpredictably clockwise or counterclockwise and is robust and stable. Furthermore, for highly active and concentrated semen, richer dynamics can occur such as self-sustained or damped rotation oscillations. Experimental results obtained with systematic dilution provide a clear evidence of a phase transition towards collective motion associated with local alignment of spermatozoa akin to the Vicsek model. A macroscopic theory based on previously derived self-organized hydrodynamics models is adapted to this context and provides predictions consistent with the observed stationary motion.
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hal-01380772 , version 1 (13-10-2016)

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Adama Kpatagnon Creppy, Franck Plouraboué, Olivier Praud, Xavier Druart, Sébastien Cazin, et al.. Symmetry-breaking phase transitions in highly concentrated semen. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 2016, vol. 13 (n° 123), pp. 1-12. ⟨10.1098/rsif.2016.0575⟩. ⟨hal-01380772⟩
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