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Journal Articles Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science Year : 1998

A numerical simulation of steady state metal cutting

Abstract

An arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE ) approach is used to model the orthogonal metal cutting in a steady state situation. The thermomechanical model includes the effects of elasticity, plasticity, strain rate, large strains and friction with heat generated between the tool and the chip. The ALE formulation can combine the advantages of both the Eulerian and Lagrangian approaches in a single description. Particularly, problems linked to the free surface in a Eulerian description and those linked to severe mesh distortions in a Lagrangian one can be solved by this formulation. The ALE governing equations are briefly reviewed in this paper; finite element and finite volume methods are used for the discretization of the conservation equations and an explicit time integration is adopted. Only the steady state solution is required; the ALE formulation is exploited to update the free and the contact surfaces. The model predicts the thermomechanical quantities, the chip geometry and the cutting forces from the cutting data and the material and friction parameters. Cutting experiments were performed with 42CD4 steel and comparisons of experimental tool forces and chip geometry with the numerical results are presented.
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Dates and versions

hal-01365427 , version 1 (13-09-2016)

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Pierre Joyot, Roger Rakotomalala, Olivier Pantalé, Maurice Touratier, N Hakem. A numerical simulation of steady state metal cutting. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 1998, 212 (5), pp.331-341. ⟨10.1243/0954406981521268⟩. ⟨hal-01365427⟩
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