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Journal Articles Journal of Proteomics Year : 2016

Differential proteomics reveals age-dependent liver oxidative costs of innate immune activation in mice

Abstract

Individual response to an immune challenge results from the optimization of a trade-off between benefits and costs of immune cell activation. Age-related immune disorders may have several mechanistic bases, from immune cell defects to chronic pro-inflammatory status and oxidative imbalance, but we are still lacking experimental data showing the relative importance of each of these mechanisms. Using a proteomic approach and subsequent biochemical validations of proteomics-derived hypotheses,we found age-dependent regulations in the liver of 3-months and 1-year old-mice in response to an acute innate immune activation. Old mice presented a chronic up-regulation of several proteins involved in pathways related to oxidative stress control. Interestingly, these pathways were weakly affected by the innate immune activation in old compared to young individuals. In addition, old mice suffered from lower glutathione-S-transferase activity and from higher oxidative damage at the end of the experiment, thus suggesting that they paid a higher immune-related cost than young individuals. On the whole, our data showed that a substantial fraction of the liver costs elicited by an activation of the innate immune response is effectively related to oxidative stress, and that ageing impairs the capacity of old individuals to control it. Significance: Our paper tackles the open question of the cost ofmounting an innate immune response. Evolutionary biologists are familiar since a long timewith the concept of trade-offs among key traits of an organism, tradeoffs that shape life history trajectories of species and individuals, ultimately in terms of reproduction and survival. On the other hand,medicine andmolecular biologists study the intimatemechanisms of immune senescence and underline that oxidative imbalance is probably playing a key role in the progressive loss of immune functionwith age. This papermerges the two fields by exploring the nature of the cellular pathways that are mainly affected by age when the innate immunity is triggered. To this purpose, a proteomic approach was used to explore liver protein profiles and provide for the first time convincing data supporting the idea that oxidative stress constitutes a cost of innate immune response in old mice, possibly contributing to senescence. Proteomics-derived hypotheses were furthermore validated using biochemical assays. This paper therefore illustrates the added value of using proteomics to answer evolutionary biology questions, and opens a promising way to study the interspecific variability in the rates of immune-senescence.
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Dates and versions

hal-01298522 , version 1 (21-02-2024)

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Marine I. Plumel, Margaux Benhaim-Delarbre, Magali Rompais, Danièle Thiersé, Gabriele Sorci, et al.. Differential proteomics reveals age-dependent liver oxidative costs of innate immune activation in mice. Journal of Proteomics, 2016, 135, pp.181-190. ⟨10.1016/j.jprot.2015.09.008⟩. ⟨hal-01298522⟩
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