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Journal Articles Environmental Fluid Mechanics Year : 2014

Mixing layer in open-channel junction flows


When two open-channel flows merge in a 3-branch subcritical junction, a mixing layer appears at the interface between the two inflows. If the width of the downstream channel is equal to the width of each inlet channel, this mixing layer is accelerated and is curved due to the junction geometry. The present work is dedicated to simplified geometries, considering a flat bed and a 90° angle where two configurations with different momentum ratios are tested. Due to the complex flow pattern in the junction, the so-called Serret-Frenet frame-axis based on the local direction of the velocity must be employed to characterize the flow pattern and the mixing layer as Cartesian and cylindrical frame-axes are not adapted. The analysis reveals that the centerline of the mixing layer, defined as the location of maximum Reynolds stress and velocity gradient, fairly fits the streamline separating at the upstream corner, even though a slight shift of the mixing layer towards the center of curvature is observed. The shape of the mixing layer appears to be strongly affected by the streamwise acceleration and the complex lateral confinement due to the side walls and the corners of the junction, leading to a streamwise increase of the mean velocity along the centerline and a decrease of the velocity difference. This results in a specific streamwise évolution of the mixing layer width, which reaches a plateau in the down stream region of the junction. Finally, the evaluation of the terms in the Reynolds-Averaged-Navier-Stokes equations reveals that the streamwise and normal acceleration and the pressure gradient remain dominant, which is typical of accelerated and rotation al flows.
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hal-01296871 , version 1 (22-11-2018)



Emmanuel Mignot, Ivana Vinkovic, Delphine Doppler, Nicolas Riviere. Mixing layer in open-channel junction flows. Environmental Fluid Mechanics, 2014, 14, pp.1027-1041. ⟨10.1007/s10652-013-9310-7⟩. ⟨hal-01296871⟩
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