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Journal Articles Journal of Statistical Physics Year : 2017

Self-organisation in cellular automata with coalescent particles: qualitative and quantitative approaches

Abstract

This article introduces new tools to study self-organisation in a family of simple cellular automata which contain some particle-like objects with good collision properties (coalescence) in their time evolution. We draw an initial configuration at random according to some initial σ-ergodic measure µ, and use the limit measure to descrbe the asymptotic behaviour of the automata. We first take a qualitative approach, i.e. we obtain information on the limit measure(s). We prove that only particles moving in one particular direction can persist asymptotically. This provides some previously unknown information on the limit measures of various deterministic and probabilistic cellular automata: 3 and 4-cyclic cellular automata (introduced in [Fis90b]), one-sided captive cellular automata (introduced in [The04]), N. Fatès' candidate to solve the density classification problem [Fat13], self stabilization process toward a discrete line [RR15]... In a second time we restrict our study to to a subclass, the gliders cellular automata. For this class we show quantitative results, consisting in the asymptotic law of some parameters: the entry times (generalising [KFD11]), the density of particles and the rate of convergence to the limit measure.
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Dates and versions

hal-01274504 , version 1 (17-02-2016)
hal-01274504 , version 2 (28-02-2018)

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Benjamin Hellouin de Menibus, Mathieu Sablik. Self-organisation in cellular automata with coalescent particles: qualitative and quantitative approaches. Journal of Statistical Physics, 2017, 167 (5), pp.1180 - 1220. ⟨10.1007/s10955-017-1760-8⟩. ⟨hal-01274504v2⟩
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