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Journal Articles Genetica Year : 2016

Contrasted patterns of genetic differentiation across eight bird species in the Lesser Antilles.

Abstract

Archipelagoes are considered as "natural laboratories" for studying processes that shape the distribution of diversity. The Lesser Antilles provide a favorable geographical context for divergence to occur. However, although morphological subspecies have been described across this archipelago in numerous avian species, the potential for the Lesser Antilles in driving intra-specific genetic divergence in highly mobile organisms such as birds remains understudied. Here, we assessed level of intra-specific genetic diversity and differentiation between three islands of the Lesser Antilles (Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique) using a multi-species approach on eight bird species. For each species, we built a set of microsatellite markers from cross-species amplifications. Significant patterns of inter-island and/or within-island genetic differentiation were detected in all species. However, levels of intra-specific genetic differentiation among the eight bird species were not always consistent with the boundaries of subspecies previously described in the sampled islands. These results suggest different histories of colonization/expansion and/or different species-specific ecological traits affecting gene flow, advocating for multi-species studies of historical and contemporary factors shaping the distribution of diversity on islands.
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hal-01274063 , version 1 (15-02-2016)

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Aurélie Khimoun, Emilie Arnoux, Guillaume Martel, Alexandre Pot, Cyril Eraud, et al.. Contrasted patterns of genetic differentiation across eight bird species in the Lesser Antilles.. Genetica, 2016, 144 (1), pp.125-138. ⟨10.1007/s10709-016-9883-4⟩. ⟨hal-01274063⟩
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