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Journal Articles Tuberculosis Year : 2015

Human tuberculosis predates domestication in ancient Syria

Pascale Perrin

Abstract

The question of pre-neolithic tuberculosis is still open in paleopathological perspective. One of the major interests is to explore what type of infection could have existed around the early stage of animal domestication. Paleopathological lesions evoking skeletal TB were observed on five human skeletons coming from two PPNB sites in Syria, which belongs to the geographical cradle of agriculture. These sites represent respectively pre-domestication phase (Dja'de el Mughara, Northern Syria, 8800-8300 BCE cal.) and early domestication phase (Tell Aswad, Southern Syria, 8200-7600 BCE cal.). MicroCT scan analyses were performed on two specimens (one per site) and revealed microscopic changes in favor of TB infection. Detection of lipid biomarkers is positive for two specimens (one per site). Initial molecular analysis further indicates the presence of TB in one individual from Dja'de. Interestingly, no morphological evidence of TB was observed on animal remains of wild and newly domesticated species, discovered in these sites. These observations strongly suggest the presence of human tuberculosis before domestication and at its early stages.
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Dates and versions

hal-01224931 , version 1 (22-02-2024)

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Oussama Baker, Oona Y.-C Lee, Houdini H.T. Wu, Gurdyal S. Besra, David E. Minnikin, et al.. Human tuberculosis predates domestication in ancient Syria. Tuberculosis, 2015, 95, pp.S4-S12. ⟨10.1016/j.tube.2015.02.001⟩. ⟨hal-01224931⟩
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