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Journal Articles Virology Journal Year : 2009

Intrinsic disorder in Viral Proteins Genome-Linked: experimental and predictive analyses

Abstract

Background: VPgs are viral proteins linked to the 5' end of some viral genomes. Interactions between several VPgs and eukaryotic translation initiation factors eIF4Es are critical for plant infection. However, VPgs are not restricted to phytoviruses, being also involved in genome replication and protein translation of several animal viruses. To date, structural data are still limited to small picornaviral VPgs. Recently three phytoviral VPgs were shown to be natively unfolded proteins. Results: In this paper, we report the bacterial expression, purification and biochemical characterization of two phytoviral VPgs, namely the VPgs of Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV, genus Sobemovirus) and Lettuce mosaic virus (LMV, genus Potyvirus). Using far-UV circular dichroism and size exclusion chromatography, we show that RYMV and LMV VPgs are predominantly or partly unstructured in solution, respectively. Using several disorder predictors, we show that both proteins are predicted to possess disordered regions. We next extend theses results to 14 VPgs representative of the viral diversity. Disordered regions were predicted in all VPg sequences whatever the genus and the family. Conclusion: Based on these results, we propose that intrinsic disorder is a common feature of VPgs. The functional role of intrinsic disorder is discussed in light of the biological roles of VPgs.

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Virology
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Dates and versions

hal-01219576 , version 1 (22-02-2017)

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Eugénie Hébrard, Yannick Bessin, Thierry Michon, Sonia Longhi, Vladimir N Uversky, et al.. Intrinsic disorder in Viral Proteins Genome-Linked: experimental and predictive analyses. Virology Journal, 2009, 6, pp.23. ⟨10.1186/1743-422X-6-23⟩. ⟨hal-01219576⟩
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