Impact of crystallinity of poly(lactide) on helium and oxygen barrier properties - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Polymer Journal Year : 2012

Impact of crystallinity of poly(lactide) on helium and oxygen barrier properties

Abstract

The helium and oxygen gas barrier properties of poly(lactide) were investigated as a function of stereochemistry and crystallinity degree. Poly(l-lactide) and poly(d,l-lactide) films were obtained by extrusion and thermally cold crystallized in either α′- or α-crystalline form with increasing crystallinity degree. Annealing of the films at low temperatures yielded to α′-crystals as well as the creation of a rigid amorphous fraction in the amorphous phase. Unexpectedly, the quantity of the rigid amorphous fraction was highest in poly(l-lactide) crystallized under α′-form. Unexpectedly, the gas permeability increased with increasing quantity of α′-crystals in poly(l-lactide) and remained constant with increasing quantity of α′-crystals in poly(d,l-lactide). A gain in gas barrier properties was obtained upon crystallization at higher temperatures yielding α-crystals. The analysis of the oxygen transport parameters, in particular the diffusion and the solubility coefficient showed that the diffusion was accelerated upon crystallization, while the solubility coefficient decreased in an expected manner which led to conclude that it remained constant in the amorphous phase. The acceleration of the diffusion seems to be correlated to the occurrence of the rigid amorphous fraction, which holds larger free volume. To conclude, for optimization of poly(lactide) gas barrier properties by focussing on the decrease of the diffusion coefficient it can be suggested to work with poly(d,l-lactide) and to aim a crystallization in α-form avoiding the formation of a rigid amorphous fraction.
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Dates and versions

hal-01203341 , version 1 (22-09-2015)

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A Guinault, C Sollogoub, V Ducruet, Sandra Domenek. Impact of crystallinity of poly(lactide) on helium and oxygen barrier properties. European Polymer Journal, 2012, 48 (4), pp.779-788. ⟨10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2012.01.014⟩. ⟨hal-01203341⟩
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