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Journal Articles Frontiers in Physics Year : 2015

Analysis of image vs. position, scale and direction reveals pattern texture anisotropy

Abstract

Pattern heterogeneities and anisotropies often carry significant physical information. We provide a toolbox which: (i) cumulates analysis in terms of position, direction and scale; (ii) is as general as possible; (iii) is simple and fast to understand, implement, execute and exploit. It consists in dividing the image into analysis boxes at a chosen scale; in each box an ellipse (the inertia tensor) is fitted to the signal and thus determines the direction in which the signal is more present. This tensor can be averaged in position and/or be used to study the dependence with scale. This choice is formally linked with Leray transforms and anisotropic wavelet analysis. Such protocol is intuitively interpreted and consistent with what the eye detects: relevant scales, local variations in space, privileged directions. It is fast and parallelizable. Its several variants are adaptable to the users' data and needs. It is useful to statistically characterize anisotropies of 2D or 3D patterns in which individual objects are not easily distinguished, with only minimal pre-processing of the raw image, and more generally applies to data in higher dimensions. It is less sensitive to edge effects, and thus better adapted for a multiscale analysis down to small scale boxes, than pair correlation function or Fourier transform. Easy to understand and implement, it complements more sophisticated methods such as Hough transform or diffusion tensor imaging. We use it on various fracture patterns (sea ice cover, thin sections of granite, granular materials), to pinpoint the maximal anisotropy scales. The results are robust to noise and to users choices. This toolbox could turn also useful for granular materials, hard condensed matter, geophysics, thin films, statistical mechanics, characterization of networks, fluctuating amorphous systems, inhomogeneous and disordered systems, or medical imaging, among others.
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hal-01117752 , version 1 (24-03-2021)

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Roland Lehoucq, Jérôme Weiss, Bérengère Dubrulle, Axelle Amon, Antoine Le Bouil, et al.. Analysis of image vs. position, scale and direction reveals pattern texture anisotropy. Frontiers in Physics, 2015, 2 (84), fphy.2014.00084. ⟨10.3389/fphy.2014.00084⟩. ⟨hal-01117752⟩
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