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Journal Articles Int.J.Geom.Meth.Mod.Phys. Year : 2016

Defining the space in a general spacetime


A global vector field $v$ on a ``spacetime" differentiable manifold $\mathrm{V}$, of dimension $N+1$, defines a congruence of world lines: the maximal integral curves of $v$, or orbits. The associated global space $\mathrm{N}_v$ is the set of these orbits. A ``$v$-adapted" chart on $\mathrm{V}$ is one for which the $\mathbb{R}^N$ vector ${\bf x}\equiv (x^j)\ (j=1,...,N)$ of the ``spatial" coordinates remains constant on any orbit $l$. We consider non-vanishing vector fields $v$ that have non-periodic orbits, each of which is a closed set. We prove transversality theorems relevant to such vector fields. Due to these results, it can be considered plausible that, for such a vector field, there exists in the neighborhood of any point $X\in \mathrm{V}$ a chart $\chi $ that is $v$-adapted and ``nice", i.e., such that the mapping $\bar{\chi }: l\mapsto {\bf x}$ is injective --- unless $v$ has some ``pathological" character. This leads us to define a notion of ``normal" vector field. For any such vector field, the mappings $\bar{\chi }$ build an atlas of charts, thus providing $\mathrm{N}_v$ with a canonical structure of differentiable manifold (when the topology defined on $\mathrm{N}_v$ is Hausdorff, for which we give a sufficient condition met in important physical situations). Previously, a local space manifold $\mathrm{M}_\mathrm{F}$ had been associated with any ``reference frame" $\mathrm{F}$, defined as an equivalence class of charts. We show that, if $\mathrm{F}$ is made of nice $v$-adapted charts, $\mathrm{M}_\mathrm{F}$ is naturally identified with an open subset of the global space manifold $\mathrm{N}_v$.
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Dates and versions

hal-01093350 , version 1 (10-12-2014)
hal-01093350 , version 2 (12-12-2014)
hal-01093350 , version 3 (14-12-2015)



Mayeul Arminjon. Defining the space in a general spacetime. Int.J.Geom.Meth.Mod.Phys., 2016, 13 (3), 1650031 (30 p.). ⟨10.1142/S0219887816500316⟩. ⟨hal-01093350v3⟩
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