A new kinetic model for predicting polyamide 6-6 hydrolysis and its mechanical embrittlement - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Polymer Degradation and Stability Year : 2012

A new kinetic model for predicting polyamide 6-6 hydrolysis and its mechanical embrittlement

Abstract

PA 6-6 hydrolysis at 60, 70, 80 and 90 °C in distilled water has been studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, viscometry in molten state, differential scanning calorimetry and uniaxial tensile testing. The molar mass decreases sharply from the early periods of exposure to reach an equilibrium value of about MnE ≈ 10−11 kg mol−1 almost temperature independent. Hydrolytic chain scissions destroy the entanglement network in the amorphous phase and liberate small macromolecular segments which rearrange locally and initiate a chemicrystallisation. As expected, the embrittlement occurs at a very low conversion of the hydrolysis, in particular when the number average molar mass becomes lower than a critical value of about MnF ≈ 17 kg mol−1, i.e. very close to its initial value. A new kinetic model has been derived from the classical mechanistic scheme of reversible hydrolysis. This model describes satisfyingly all the kinetic characteristics of the reversible hydrolysis of PA 6-6 not controlled by water diffusion: decrease in molar mass, increase in crystallinity ratio and decrease in ultimate elongation, but also of other types of polyamides previously studied, such as PA 11. Moreover, when it is used as an inverse method, this model gives access to the rate constants of hydrolysis and condensation reactions. It is thus an interesting tool for elucidating structure/rate constant relationships in common families of hydrolysable polymers.
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Dates and versions

hal-01082759 , version 1 (14-11-2014)

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Chaker El Mazry, O Correc, Xavier Colin. A new kinetic model for predicting polyamide 6-6 hydrolysis and its mechanical embrittlement. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2012, 97, pp.1049-1059. ⟨10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2012.03.003⟩. ⟨hal-01082759⟩
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