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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2013

Deep-Sea Bioluminescence Blooms after Dense Water Formation at the Ocean Surface

Christian Tamburini (1) , Miquel Canals , Xavier Durrieu de Madron (2) , Loïc Houpert (2) , Dominique Lefèvre (1) , Séverine Martini (1) , Fabrizio d'Ortenzio (3) , Anne Robert (1) , Pierre Testor (4, 5) , Juan Antonio Aguilar , Imen Al Samarai (6) , Arnaud Albert (7) , Michel André , Marco Anghinolfi , Gisela Anton , Shebli Anvar (8) , Miguel Ardid , Ana Carolina Assis Jesus , Tri L. Astraatmadja , Jean-Jacques Aubert (6) , Bruny Baret (9) , Stéphane Basa (10) , Vincent Bertin (6) , Simone Biagi , Armando Bigi , Ciro Bigongiari , Claudio Bogazzi , Manuel Bou-Cabo , Boutayeb Bouhou (9) , Mieke C. Bouwhuis , Jurgen Brunner (6) , José Busto (6) , Francisco Camarena , Antonio Capone , Christina Cârloganu (11) , Giada Carminati , John Carr (6) , Stefano Cecchini , Ziad Charif (6) , Philippe Charvis (12) , Tommaso Chiarusi , Marco Circella , Rosa Coniglione , Heide Costantini (6) , Paschal Coyle (6) , Christian Curtil (6) , Patrick Decowski , Ivan Dekeyser (1) , Anne Deschamps (12) , Corinne Donzaud (9) , Damien Dornic (6) , Hasankiadeh Q. Dorosti , Doriane Drouhin (7) , Thomas Eberl , Umberto Emanuele , Jean-Pierre Ernenwein (6) , Stéphanie Escoffier (6) , Paolo Fermani , Marcelino Ferri , Vincenzo Flaminio , Florian Folger , Ulf Fritsch , Jean-Luc Fuda (1) , Salvatore Galatà (6) , Pascal Gay (11) , Giorgio Giacomelli , Valentina Giordano (13) , Juan-Pablo Gómez-González , Kay Graf , Goulven Guillard (11) , Garadeb Halladjian (6) , Gregory Hallewell (6) , Hans van Haren (14) , Joris Hartman , Aart J. Heijboer , Yann Hello (12) , Juan Jose Hernández-Rey , Bjoern Herold , Jurgen Hössl , Ching-Cheng Hsu , Marteen de Jong , Matthias Kadler , Oleg Kalekin , Alexander Kappes , Uli Katz , Oksana Kavatsyuk , Paul Kooijman , Claudio Kopper , Antoine Kouchner (9) , Ingo Kreykenbohm , Vladimir Kulikovskiy , Robert Lahmann , Patrick Lamare (8) , Giuseppina Larosa , Dario Lattuada , Gordon Lim , Domenico Lo Presti , Herbert Loehner , Sotiris Loucatos , Salvatore Mangano , Michel Marcelin (10) , Annarita Margiotta , Juan Antonio Martinez-Mora , Athina Meli , Teresa Montaruli , Luciano Moscoso (9) , Holger Motz , Max Neff , Emma Nuel Nezri , Dimitris Palioselitis , Gabriela E. Păvălaş , Kevin Payet , Patrice Payre (6) , Jelena Petrovic , Paolo Piattelli (15) , Nicolas Picot-Clemente (6) , Vlad Popa , Thierry Pradier (16) , Eleonora Presani , Chantal Racca (7) , Corey Reed , Giorgio Riccobene , Carsten Richardt , Roland Richter , Colas Rivière (6) , Kathrin Roensch , Andrei Rostovtsev , Joaquin Ruiz-Rivas , Marius Rujoiu , Valerio G. Russo , Francisco Salesa , Augustin Sánchez-Losa , Piera Sapienza (15) , Friederike Schöck , Jean-Pierre Schuller (8) , Fabian Schussler (8) , Rezo Shanidze , Francesco Simeone , Andreas Spies , Maurizio Spurio , Jos J. M. Steijger , Thierry Stolarczyk , Mauro G. F. Taiuti , Simona Toscano , Bertrand Vallage (8) , Véronique van Elewyck (9) , Giulia Vannoni , Manuela Vecchi (6) , Pascal Vernin (8) , Guus Wijnker , Jorn Wilms , Els de Wolf , Harold Yepes , Dmitry Zaborov , Juan de Dios Zornoza , Juan Zúñiga
Miquel Canals
  • Function : Author
Juan Antonio Aguilar
  • Function : Author
Michel André
Marco Anghinolfi
  • Function : Author
Gisela Anton
  • Function : Author
Miguel Ardid
  • Function : Author
Ana Carolina Assis Jesus
  • Function : Author
Tri L. Astraatmadja
  • Function : Author
Simone Biagi
  • Function : Author
Armando Bigi
  • Function : Author
Ciro Bigongiari
  • Function : Author
Claudio Bogazzi
  • Function : Author
Manuel Bou-Cabo
Mieke C. Bouwhuis
  • Function : Author
Francisco Camarena
  • Function : Author
Antonio Capone
  • Function : Author
Giada Carminati
  • Function : Author
Stefano Cecchini
  • Function : Author
Philippe Charvis
Tommaso Chiarusi
  • Function : Author
Marco Circella
  • Function : Author
Rosa Coniglione
  • Function : Author
Patrick Decowski
  • Function : Author
Anne Deschamps
Hasankiadeh Q. Dorosti
  • Function : Author
Thomas Eberl
  • Function : Author
Umberto Emanuele
  • Function : Author
Paolo Fermani
  • Function : Author
Marcelino Ferri
  • Function : Author
Vincenzo Flaminio
  • Function : Author
Florian Folger
  • Function : Author
Ulf Fritsch
  • Function : Author
Jean-Luc Fuda
Giorgio Giacomelli
  • Function : Author
Juan-Pablo Gómez-González
  • Function : Author
Kay Graf
  • Function : Author
Joris Hartman
  • Function : Author
Aart J. Heijboer
  • Function : Author
Yann Hello
Juan Jose Hernández-Rey
  • Function : Author
Bjoern Herold
  • Function : Author
Jurgen Hössl
  • Function : Author
Ching-Cheng Hsu
  • Function : Author
Marteen de Jong
  • Function : Author
Matthias Kadler
  • Function : Author
Oleg Kalekin
  • Function : Author
Alexander Kappes
  • Function : Author
Uli Katz
  • Function : Author
Oksana Kavatsyuk
  • Function : Author
Paul Kooijman
  • Function : Author
Claudio Kopper
  • Function : Author
Ingo Kreykenbohm
  • Function : Author
Vladimir Kulikovskiy
  • Function : Author
Robert Lahmann
  • Function : Author
Giuseppina Larosa
  • Function : Author
Dario Lattuada
  • Function : Author
Gordon Lim
  • Function : Author
Domenico Lo Presti
  • Function : Author
Herbert Loehner
  • Function : Author
Sotiris Loucatos
  • Function : Author
Salvatore Mangano
  • Function : Author
Annarita Margiotta
  • Function : Author
Juan Antonio Martinez-Mora
  • Function : Author
Athina Meli
  • Function : Author
Teresa Montaruli
  • Function : Author
Holger Motz
  • Function : Author
Max Neff
  • Function : Author
Emma Nuel Nezri
  • Function : Author
Dimitris Palioselitis
  • Function : Author
Gabriela E. Păvălaş
  • Function : Author
Kevin Payet
  • Function : Author
Jelena Petrovic
  • Function : Author
Vlad Popa
  • Function : Author
Eleonora Presani
  • Function : Author
Corey Reed
  • Function : Author
Giorgio Riccobene
  • Function : Author
Carsten Richardt
  • Function : Author
Roland Richter
  • Function : Author
Kathrin Roensch
  • Function : Author
Andrei Rostovtsev
  • Function : Author
Joaquin Ruiz-Rivas
  • Function : Author
Marius Rujoiu
  • Function : Author
Valerio G. Russo
  • Function : Author
Francisco Salesa
  • Function : Author
Augustin Sánchez-Losa
  • Function : Author
Friederike Schöck
  • Function : Author
Rezo Shanidze
  • Function : Author
Francesco Simeone
  • Function : Author
Andreas Spies
  • Function : Author
Maurizio Spurio
  • Function : Author
Jos J. M. Steijger
  • Function : Author
Thierry Stolarczyk
Mauro G. F. Taiuti
  • Function : Author
Simona Toscano
  • Function : Author
Giulia Vannoni
  • Function : Author
Guus Wijnker
  • Function : Author
Jorn Wilms
  • Function : Author
Els de Wolf
  • Function : Author
Harold Yepes
  • Function : Author
Dmitry Zaborov
  • Function : Author
Juan de Dios Zornoza
  • Function : Author
Juan Zúñiga
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The deep ocean is the largest and least known ecosystem on Earth. It hosts numerous pelagic organisms, most of which are able to emit light. Here we present a unique data set consisting of a 2.5-year long record of light emission by deep-sea pelagic organisms, measured from December 2007 to June 2010 at the ANTARES underwater neutrino telescope in the deep NW Mediterranean Sea, jointly with synchronous hydrological records. This is the longest continuous time-series of deep-sea bioluminescence ever recorded. Our record reveals several weeks long, seasonal bioluminescence blooms with light intensity up to two orders of magnitude higher than background values, which correlate to changes in the properties of deep waters. Such changes are triggered by the winter cooling and evaporation experienced by the upper ocean layer in the Gulf of Lion that leads to the formation and subsequent sinking of dense water through a process known as "open-sea convection". It episodically renews the deep water of the study area and conveys fresh organic matter that fuels the deep ecosystems. Luminous bacteria most likely are the main contributors to the observed deep-sea bioluminescence blooms. Our observations demonstrate a consistent and rapid connection between deep open-sea convection and bathypelagic biological activity, as expressed by bioluminescence. In a setting where dense water formation events are likely to decline under global warming scenarios enhancing ocean stratification, in situ observatories become essential as environmental sentinels for the monitoring and understanding of deep-sea ecosystem shifts.
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hal-01012135 , version 1 (08-10-2018)

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Christian Tamburini, Miquel Canals, Xavier Durrieu de Madron, Loïc Houpert, Dominique Lefèvre, et al.. Deep-Sea Bioluminescence Blooms after Dense Water Formation at the Ocean Surface. PLoS ONE, 2013, 8 (7), pp.e67523. ⟨10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0067523⟩. ⟨hal-01012135⟩
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