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Journal Articles Protoplasma Year : 2012

Growth control by cell wall pectins

Sebastian S. Wolf
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Steffen S. Greiner
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Plant cell growth is controlled by the balance between turgor pressure and the extensibility of the cell wall. Several distinct classes of wall polysaccharides and their interactions contribute to the architecture and the emergent features of the wall. As a result, remarkable tensile strength is achieved without relinquishing extensibility. The control of growth and development does not only require a precisely regulated biosynthesis of cell wall components, but also constant remodeling and modification after deposition of the polymers. This is especially evident given the fact that wall deposition and cell expansion are largely uncoupled. Pectins form a functionally and structurally diverse class of galacturonic acid-rich polysaccharides which can undergo abundant modification with a concomitant change in physicochemical properties. This review focuses on homogalacturonan demethylesterification catalyzed by the ubiquitous enzyme pectin methylesterase (PME) as a growth control module. Special attention is drawn to the recently discovered role of this process in primordial development in the shoot apical meristem.

Dates and versions

hal-01004180 , version 1 (11-06-2014)



Sebastian S. Wolf, Steffen S. Greiner. Growth control by cell wall pectins. Protoplasma, 2012, 249, pp.169 - 175. ⟨10.1007/s00709-011-0371-5⟩. ⟨hal-01004180⟩
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