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Book Sections Year : 2012

Modelling the dynamics of host-parasite interactions: basic principles

Abstract

Mathematical modelling is a valuable tool for the analysis of the infectious diseases spread. Dynamical models may help to represent and summarise available knowledge on transmission and disease evolution, to test assumptions and analyse scenarios, and to predict outcomes of the host-pathogen interactions. This chapter aims at introducing basic concepts and methods of epidemiological modelling, in order to provide a starting point for further developments. After positioning modelling in the process of disease investigation, we first present the main principles of model building and analysis, using simple biological and also mathematical systems. We then provide an overview of the methods that can be employed to describe more complex systems. Last, we illustrate how the modelling approach may help for different practical purposes, including evaluation of control strategies. A brief conclusion discusses the challenge of including genetic and molecular variability in epidemiological modelling.

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hal-00992716 , version 1 (19-05-2014)

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Pauline Ezanno, Elisabeta Vergu, Michel Langlais, Emmanuelle Gilot-Fromont. Modelling the dynamics of host-parasite interactions: basic principles. Serge Morand; François Beaudeau; Jacques Cabaret. New Frontiers of Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., pp.79-101, 2012, 978-94-007-2113-5. ⟨10.1007/978-94-007-2114-2_5⟩. ⟨hal-00992716⟩
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