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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2013

Life on Magnets: Stem Cell Networking on Micro-Magnet Arrays

Abstract

Interactions between a micro-magnet array and living cells may guide the establishment of cell networks due to the cellular response to a magnetic field. To manipulate mesenchymal stem cells free of magnetic nanoparticles by a high magnetic field gradient, we used high quality micro-patterned NdFeB films around which the stray field's value and direction drastically change across the cell body. Such micro-magnet arrays coated with parylene produce high magnetic field gradients that affect the cells in two main ways: i) causing cell migration and adherence to a covered magnetic surface and ii) elongating the cells in the directions parallel to the edges of the micro-magnet. To explain these effects, three putative mechanisms that incorporate both physical and biological factors influencing the cells are suggested. It is shown that the static high magnetic field gradient generated by the micro-magnet arrays are capable of assisting cell migration to those areas with the strongest magnetic field gradient, thereby allowing the build up of tunable interconnected stem cell networks, which is an elegant route for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Dates and versions

hal-00969484 , version 1 (02-04-2014)

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Vitalii Zablotskii, Alexandr Dejneka, Sarka Kubinova, Damien Le Roy, Frédéric Dumas-Bouchiat, et al.. Life on Magnets: Stem Cell Networking on Micro-Magnet Arrays. PLoS ONE, 2013, 8, pp.e70416. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0070416⟩. ⟨hal-00969484⟩

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