Continental weathering and climatic changes inferred from clay mineralogy and paired carbon isotopes across the early to middle Toarcian in the Paris Basin. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology Year : 2014

Continental weathering and climatic changes inferred from clay mineralogy and paired carbon isotopes across the early to middle Toarcian in the Paris Basin.

Abstract

Lower Toarcian strata (Lower Jurassic) have been extensively studied with a view to understanding the oceanographic, climatic and biological processes that drove the Earth's system into an Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE). For this time period, the evolution of the European marine seaways is now relatively well constrained owing to multiple geochemical studies, but investigations regarding climatic trends in the continental realm remain sparse. In the present study, we test the clay mineralogy as a continental climate-sensitive proxy in the well-documented Sancerre core (southern Paris Basin). We compare variations in the kaolinite content with pCO2 fluctuations (derived from paired carbon isotopes; ∆13C = δ13Ccarb− δ13Corg), taking advantage of the detailed chemostratigraphic, palaeoenvironmental and sequence stratigraphy frameworks established for this core material. The results indicate a substantial decrease in kaolinite abundance at the end of the Pliensbachian, which is compatible with a long-term diminution in continental weathering and an inferred temperature decrease. The early Toarcian, prior to the carbon cycle perturbation and deposition of black shale facies, remained relatively cold with minima in both the proportion of kaolinite and reconstructed pCO2. The mineralogical and geochemical responses across the prominent negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE) itself are not univocal. The first of four steps that compose the negative limb of the CIE at Sancerre is associated with decreased kaolinite and pCO2, and increased carbonate oxygen isotope ratios. Taken together, these trends are compatible with a transient cooling phase immediately preceding the onset of black shale deposition. Conversely, the subsequent steps are marked by substantial enrichment in kaolinite that matches increased osmium isotope ratios measured in Yorkshire, providing compelling evidence for rapid increases in continental weathering and riverine runoff forced by intensification of greenhouse conditions during the CIE. Relaxation in the intensity of continental weathering, as suggested by resumed low kaolinite abundance is seen immediately after the cessation of CO2 input (after the fourth step of the CIE). The interval spanning the upper portion of the early Toarcian and the middle Toarcian records a subsequent long-term increase in the proportion of kaolinite synchronous with significant clay enrichment of the sediment. Continued greenhouse conditions, even after the recovery from the carbon isotope perturbation and "regional" black shale deposition, are likely related to sustained CO2 emission by Karoo-Ferrar volcanism through the considered interval.
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hal-00964110 , version 1 (13-01-2024)

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Michaël Hermoso, Pierre Pellenard. Continental weathering and climatic changes inferred from clay mineralogy and paired carbon isotopes across the early to middle Toarcian in the Paris Basin.. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2014, 399, pp.385-393. ⟨10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.02.007⟩. ⟨hal-00964110⟩
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