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Journal Articles Clinical Oral Investigations Year : 2013

Contributory role of the tongue and mandible in modulating the in-mouth air cavity at rest

Pierre Bourdiol
  • Function : Author
Anne Mishellany-Dutour
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1388461
  • IdHAL : anne-dutour
Marie-Agnès Peyron
Alain Woda

Abstract

Objectives The tongue-to-palate distance influences the volume of the in-mouth air cavity (IMAC), thus condition- ing the entry of aromatic compounds to the olfactory mucosa site. This study was set out to record the IMAC volume by measuring tongue-to-palate distance at rest. Materials and methods Twelve young adults in good general health were tested -- lips contacting, with at-rest posture of the tongue and jaw during a silent reading task. Observations in this study were limited to pre- and post-swallowing sequences. The tongue-to-palate distance was measured using three electromagnetic sensors placed on the tongue upper surface. IMAC volume was evaluated from a geometrical model, taking into account the tongue-to-palate distance, the IMAC transversal distance measured from dental casts and historic data giving the anterior - posterior distance of the oral cavity. Results (1) In the at-rest posture, the tongue-to-palate distance was significantly greater at the posterior sensor level. (2) A vertical shift in tongue posture at rest frequently appeared following deglutition. The upward shifts were of larger amplitude and more frequent than the downward shifts. (3) Evaluation of the IMAC volume gave an approximate value of 12 ml at rest. (4) The chin sensor at rest was 2.8±0.8 mm below its position when in occlusion

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hal-00939645 , version 1 (30-01-2014)

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Pierre Bourdiol, Anne Mishellany-Dutour, Marie-Agnès Peyron, Alain Woda. Contributory role of the tongue and mandible in modulating the in-mouth air cavity at rest. Clinical Oral Investigations, 2013, 17 (9), pp.2025-2032. ⟨10.1007/s00784-012-0897-8⟩. ⟨hal-00939645⟩
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