Electrochemical behavior of indolone-N-oxides: Relationship to structure and antiplasmodial activity - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Bioelectrochemistry Year : 2012

Electrochemical behavior of indolone-N-oxides: Relationship to structure and antiplasmodial activity

Abstract

Indolone-N-oxides exert high parasiticidal activity at the nanomolar level in vitro against Plasmodiumfalciparum, the parasite responsible for malaria. The bioreductive character of these molecules was investigated using cyclic voltammetry and EPR spectroelectrochemistry to examine the relationship between electrochemical behavior and antimalarial activity and to understand theirmechanisms of action. For all the compounds (37 compounds) studied, the voltammograms recorded in acetonitrile showed a well-defined and reversible redox couple followed by a second complicated electron transfer. The first reduction (−0.88 VbE1/2b−0.50 V vs. SCE) was attributed to the reduction of the N-oxide function to form a radical nitroxide anion. The second reduction (−1.65 VbE1/2b−1.14 V vs. SCE) was assigned to the reduction of the ketone function. By coupling electrochemistry with EPR spectroscopy, the EPR spectra confirmed the formation of the nitroxide anion radical.Moreover, the experiments demonstrated that a slowprotonation occurs at the carbon of the nitrone function and not at the NO function. A relationship between electrochemical behavior and indolone-N-oxide structure can be established for compounds with R1=―OCH3, R2=H, and electron-withdrawing substituents on the phenyl group at R3. The results help in the design of new molecules with more potent in vivo antimalarial activity.
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Dates and versions

hal-00903927 , version 1 (13-11-2013)

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Karine Reybier, Thi Hoang Yen Nguyen, Hany Ibrahim, Pierre Pério, Armelle Montrose, et al.. Electrochemical behavior of indolone-N-oxides: Relationship to structure and antiplasmodial activity. Bioelectrochemistry, 2012, vol. 88, pp. 57-64. ⟨10.1016/j.bioelechem.2012.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-00903927⟩
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