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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2012

Harvesting electricity with geobacter bremensis isolated from compost

Abstract

Electrochemically active (EA) biofilms were formed on metallic dimensionally stable anode-type electrode (DSA), embedded in garden compost and polarized at +0.50 V/SCE. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene libraries revealed that biofilms were heavily enriched in Deltaproteobacteria in comparison to control biofilms formed on non-polarized electrodes, which were preferentially composed of Gammaproteobacteria and Firmicutes. Among Deltaproteobacteria, sequences affiliated with Pelobacter and Geobacter genera were identified. A bacterial consortium was cultivated, in which 25 isolates were identified as Geobacter bremensis. Pure cultures of 4 different G. bremensis isolates gave higher current densities (1400 mA/m² on DSA, 2490 mA/m² on graphite) than the original multi-species biofilms (in average 300 mA/m² on DSA) and the G. bremensis DSM type strain (100-300 A/m² on DSA; 2485 mA/m² on graphite). FISH analysis confirmed that G. bremensis represented a minor fraction in the original EA biofilm, in which species related to Pelobacter genus were predominant. The Pelobacter type strain did not show EA capacity, which can explain the lower performance of the multi-species biofilms. These results stressed the great interest of extracting and culturing pure EA strains from wild EA biofilms to improve the current density provided by microbial anodes.
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Dates and versions

hal-00880543 , version 1 (06-11-2013)

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Olivier Nercessian, Sandrine Parot, Marie-Line Délia-Dupuy, Alain Bergel, Wafa Achouak. Harvesting electricity with geobacter bremensis isolated from compost. PLoS ONE, 2012, vol. 7, pp. 1-8. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0034216⟩. ⟨hal-00880543⟩
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