Control of T-2 toxin in Fusarium langsethiae and geotrichum candidum co-culture - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology / Arh Hig Rada Toksikol Year : 2013

Control of T-2 toxin in Fusarium langsethiae and geotrichum candidum co-culture

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Abstract

Due to contamination of barley grains by Fusarium langsethiae, T-2 toxin can be present in the brewing process. It has been observed that the presence of the yeast Geotrichum candidum during malting can reduce the final concentration of this mycotoxin in beer. In this work, a co-culture method was carried out for both microorganisms in order to evaluate the effect on T-2 mycotoxin concentration in comparison with the pure culture of F. langsethiae in the same conditions. The microbial growth of both microorganisms was assessed using three different methods: dry weight, DOPE-FISH, and DNA quantification. In co-culture, both microorganisms globally developed less than in pure cultures but G. candidum showed a better growth than F. langsethiae. The concentration of T-2 was reduced by 93 % compared to the pure culture. Hence, the interaction between G. candidum and F. langsethiae led to a drastic mycotoxin reduction despite the only partial inhibition of fungal growth.
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Dates and versions

hal-00879607 , version 1 (04-11-2013)

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Elida Gastelum-Martinez, Stéphane Compant, Patricia Taillandier, Florence Mathieu. Control of T-2 toxin in Fusarium langsethiae and geotrichum candidum co-culture. Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology / Arh Hig Rada Toksikol, 2013, vol. 63, pp. 447-456. ⟨10.2478/10004-1254-63-2012-2206⟩. ⟨hal-00879607⟩
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