Heme orientation modulates histidine dissociation and ligand binding kinetics in the hexacoordinated human neuroglobin. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry Year : 2013

Heme orientation modulates histidine dissociation and ligand binding kinetics in the hexacoordinated human neuroglobin.

Abstract

Neuroglobin (Ngb) is a globin present in the brain and retina of mammals. This hexacoordinated hemoprotein binds small diatomic molecules, albeit with lower affinity compared with other globins. Another distinctive feature of most mammalian Ngb is their ability to form an internal disulfide bridge that increases ligand affinity. As often seen for prosthetic heme b containing proteins, human Ngb exhibits heme heterogeneity with two alternative heme orientations within the heme pocket. To date, no details are available on the impact of heme orientation on the binding properties of human Ngb and its interplay with the cysteine oxidation state. In this work, we used (1)H NMR spectroscopy to probe the cyanide binding properties of different Ngb species in solution, including wild-type Ngb and the single (C120S) and triple (C46G/C55S/C120S) mutants. We demonstrate that in the disulfide-containing wild-type protein cyanide ligation is fivefold faster for one of the two heme orientations (the A isomer) compared with the other isomer, which is attributed to the lower stability of the distal His64-iron bond and reduced steric hindrance at the bottom of the cavity for heme sliding in the A conformer. We also attribute the slower cyanide reactivity in the absence of a disulfide bridge to the tighter histidine-iron bond. More generally, enhanced internal mobility in the CD loop bearing the disulfide bridge hinders access of the ligand to heme iron by stabilizing the histidine-iron bond. The functional impact of heme disorder and cysteine oxidation state on the properties of the Ngb ligand is discussed.

Dates and versions

hal-00783539 , version 1 (01-02-2013)

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Anthony Bocahut, Valérie Derrien, Sophie Bernad, Pierre Sebban, Sophie Sacquin-Mora, et al.. Heme orientation modulates histidine dissociation and ligand binding kinetics in the hexacoordinated human neuroglobin.. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2013, 18 (1), pp.111-22. ⟨10.1007/s00775-012-0956-2⟩. ⟨hal-00783539⟩
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