Microstructural and metamorphic evolution of a high-pressure granitic orthogneiss during continental subduction (Orlica-Snieznik dome, Bohemian Massif) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Metamorphic Geology Year : 2012

Microstructural and metamorphic evolution of a high-pressure granitic orthogneiss during continental subduction (Orlica-Snieznik dome, Bohemian Massif)

Abstract

A microstructural and metamorphic study of a naturally deformed medium- to high-pressure granitic orthogneiss (OrlicaSnieznik dome, Bohemian Massif) provides evidence of behaviour of the felsic crust during progressive burial along a subduction-type apparent thermal gradient (similar to 10 degrees C km-1). The granitic orthogneisses develops three distinct microstructural types, as follows: type I augen orthogneiss, type II banded orthogneiss and type III mylonitic orthogneiss, each representing an evolutionary stage of a progressively deformed granite. Type I orthogneiss is composed of partially recrystallized K-feldspar porphyroclasts surrounded by wide fronts of myrmekite, fully recrystallized quartz aggregates and interconnected monomineralic layers of recrystallized plagioclase. Compositional layering in the type II orthogneiss is defined by plagioclase- and K-feldspar-rich layers, both of which show an increasing proportion of interstitial minerals, as well as the deformation of recrystallized myrmekite fronts. Type III orthogneiss shows relicts of quartz and K-feldspar ribbons preserved in a fine-grained polymineralic matrix. All three types have the same assemblage (quartz + plagioclase + K-feldspar + muscovite + biotite + garnet + sphene +/- ilmenite), but show systematic variations in the composition of muscovite and garnet from types I to III. This is consistent with the equilibration of the three types at different positions along a prograde P-T path ranging from <15 kbar and <700 degrees C (type I orthogneiss) to 1920 kbar and >700 degrees C (types II and III orthogneisses). The deformation types thus do not represent evolutionary stages of a highly partitioned deformation at constant P-T conditions, but reflect progressive formation during the burial of the continental crust. The microstructures of the type I and type II orthogneisses result from the dislocation creep of quartz and K-feldspar whereas a grain boundary sliding-dominated diffusion creep regime is the characteristic of the type III orthogneiss. Strain weakening related to the transition from type I to type II microstructures was enhanced by the recrystallization of wide myrmekite fronts, and plagioclase and quartz, and further weakening and strain localization in type III orthogneiss occurred via grain boundary sliding-enhanced diffusion creep. The potential role of incipient melting in strain localization is discussed.

Dates and versions

hal-00737987 , version 1 (03-10-2012)

Identifiers

Cite

Francis Chopin, Karel Schulmann, Pavla Štípská, Jean-Emmanuel Martelat, Pavel Pitra, et al.. Microstructural and metamorphic evolution of a high-pressure granitic orthogneiss during continental subduction (Orlica-Snieznik dome, Bohemian Massif). Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 2012, 30 (4), pp.347-376. ⟨10.1111/j.1525-1314.2011.00970.x⟩. ⟨hal-00737987⟩
173 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More