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Journal Articles Materials Science and Engineering: A Year : 2011

Densification and polymorphic transition of multiphase Y2O3 nanoparticles during spark plasma sintering

Abstract

Multiphase (MP) monoclinic and cubic Y2O3 nanoparticles, 40 nm in diameter, were densified by spark plasma sintering for 5-15 min and100 MPa at 1000 °C, 1100 °C, and 1500 °C. Densification started with pressure increase at room temperature. Densification stagnated during heating compared to the high shrinkage rate in cubic single-phase reference nanopowder. The limited densification of the MP nanopowder originated from the vermicular structure (skeleton) formed during the heating. Interface controlled monoclinic to cubic polymorphic transformation above 980 °C led to the formation of large spherical cubic grains within the vermicular matrix. This resulted in the loss of the nanocrystalline character and low final density.
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Dates and versions

hal-00720725 , version 1 (25-07-2012)

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Rachel Marder, Rachman Chaim, Geoffroy Chevallier, Claude Estournès. Densification and polymorphic transition of multiphase Y2O3 nanoparticles during spark plasma sintering. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2011, vol.528, pp. 7200-7206. ⟨10.1016/j.msea.2011.06.044⟩. ⟨hal-00720725⟩
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