Thermodynamic Insights on the Feasibility of Homogeneous Batch Extractive Distillation. 1. Azeotropic Mixtures with Heavy Entrainer. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Industrial and engineering chemistry research Year : 2009

Thermodynamic Insights on the Feasibility of Homogeneous Batch Extractive Distillation. 1. Azeotropic Mixtures with Heavy Entrainer.

Abstract

Feasibility assessment of batch homogeneous extractive distillation for the separation of an A-B mixture feeding entrainer E traditionally relies on the systematic computation of rectifying and extractive composition profile maps under various reflux ratio and entrainer flowrate conditions. This is a well-settled methodology for determining the product sequence and the corresponding column configuration. However, we show that all related literature examples can be simply explained by using thermodynamic insights of residue curve maps, in particular, the unidistribution and univolatility curves. A general feasibility criterion at infinite reflux is proposed and finite reflux operation is also discussed. Illustration is provided for the most common cases, namely the separation with a heavy entrainer of minimum boiling (class 1.0-1a) and maximum boiling azeotropes (class 1.0-2). New cases not published so far are presented and operating conditions are also discussed. These results demonstrate the obligatory incorporation of the univolatility lines for explaining the unexpected behaviour of some particular ternary mixtures to be separated by the homogeneous extractive distillation process
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Dates and versions

hal-00464445 , version 1 (13-12-2021)

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Ivonne Rodriguez-Donis, Vincent Gerbaud, Xavier Joulia. Thermodynamic Insights on the Feasibility of Homogeneous Batch Extractive Distillation. 1. Azeotropic Mixtures with Heavy Entrainer.. Industrial and engineering chemistry research, 2009, 48 (7), pp.3544-3559. ⟨10.1021/ie801060n⟩. ⟨hal-00464445⟩
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